When read from left to right, elements take on a more multidimensional nature (eg., epistemology: objectivism to subjectivism). It’s likely that cavemen, gathered around their fires, looked up at the stars and asked what they might be made of (an ontological question) and how human beings could find out (an epistemological question). Epistemology or theory of knowledge is the branch of philosophy that studies the nature and scope of knowledge. Given below are some common approaches to research (research paradigms) and the ontology and epistemology related to them. Since this branch of philosophy is so ancient, very little is known about the early history of epistemology. The program is directed at overcoming the divide between theoretical philosophy (epistemology and metaphysics) and practical philosophy (ethics and political philosophy) of science. Research Theory : Philosophy And Methodology, Philosophy, And Epistemology 1159 Words | 5 Pages At every stage in a research, researcher’s makes assumptions about human knowledge and the nature of realities they encounter.
Epistemology also deals with the relationship between the reality and the researcher, i.e., how does the researcher gains knowledge. Choosing an appropriate research philosophy is an important part of the research methodology. Research philosophy is classified as ontology, epistemology and axiology. It claims that the social world can be understood in an objective way. Social science research guide consisting of ontology, epistemology, and philosophical perspectives. Research philosophy is an important part of research methodology. It primarily focuses on research questions that require serious attention to both areas.

The History and Importance of Epistemology. In this research philosophy, the scientist is an objective analyst and, on the basis of it, dissociates himself from personal values and works independently.
These philosophical approaches enable to decide which approach should be adopted by the researcher and why, which is derived from research questions (Saunders, Lewis, & Thornhill, 2009). In fact as Guba & Lincoln, (1982) have propounded, philosophical paradigm within research hold utmost importance, as it is the “basic belief system or world view that guides the investigation” (p. 105). In this research cluster, we explore fundamental questions in epistemology concerning the nature of knowledge, the challenge of scepticism, and the scope of self-knowledge. Read more about Epistemology here. Positivist research philosophy. Ontology and Epistemology in Research.

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