Many individuals believe HIV does not exist, condoms do not work, that only certain people are at risk of HIV infection, that HIV cannot be treated, that there is a cure or that you can become infected through food, water, toilets, showers and pools etc.

Reducing HIV Stigma and Discrimination: a critical part of national AIDS programmes A resource for national stakeholders in the HIV response 5 Despite the pervasiveness of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in national HIV epidemics and their harmful impact in terms of public health and human rights, they remain seriously neglected issues The central premise of this work is that how responsibility for the disease is presumed has a determining impact upon policy and individual reactions to the epidemic. This booklet aims to help you understand HIV… The thesis describes a 'vicious circle' between HIV/AIDS, poverty and high-risk behaviour at the individual level. At a cellular level, the sero-transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is considered a biological process, whereby the virus attacks healthy immune cells leading to the fatal cascade of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) (Martin & Quentin, 2009). Most people infected with HIV are still healthy and can live for years with In the poverty-HIV/AIDS cycle, HIV-infected individuals are especially vulnerable to poverty, the poor are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviour such as commercial sex work, and high-risk behaviour in turn makes people susceptible to HIV infection. This thesis offers an analysis of how conceptions of responsibility have affected social responses to HIV/AIDS. Student Number: 576-703-15 DECLARATION I declare that THE ROLE OF CULTURE AND GENDER IN THE SPREAD OF HIV AND AIDS AND STRATEGIES FOR THE REDUCTION OF HIV AND AIDS AMONG FARM WORKERS IN SOUTH AFRICA is my own original work, and that all the sources that I have used or quoted have been duly acknowledged and referenced as per university infections caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, which attacks and destroys certain white blood cells that are essential to the body's immune system. HIV/AIDS STIGMA: AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE PERSPECTIVES AND EXPERIENCES OF PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS Regina Mlobeli (Dlakhulu) Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Arts (Psychology) in the Department of Psychology, University of the Western Cape SUPERVISOR : Prof L. Simbayi When HIV infects a cell, it combines with that cell's genetic material and may lie inactive for years. However, the realm of susceptibility and vulnerability regarding the This in turn influence the spread of the disease.



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